Description of the course

This course deals with the Earth’s climate system, encompassing its biogeochemical cycles and their influence on the climate. The course has a strong inter-disciplinarily profile and includes the Earth’s geological history, global and Baltic Sea perspectives on biogeochemical cycles, and the human influence on the natural cycles.

The following topics will be addressed: Earth's history: the evolution of the oceans, atmosphere and life, The structure and composition of the lithosphere, pedosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biota, Models that describe flow and circulation, residence times, etc., The main features of the global cycles of water, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur and trace elements, and Cycles of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in the Baltic Sea.  A key theme is the human impact on cycles and the implications of this.

How is the course organized?

Lectures. A seminar task, where the participants in association with a supervisor study a specific topic in depth, is an important course element.


Written exam.

Course Literature

"Earth System Science: From Biogeochemical Cycles to Global Change", editors: Michael C. Jacobson, Robert J. Charlson, Henning Rodhe & Gordon  H. Orians, Academic Press, 2000. Available as an e-book free of charge, from the university library.

Responsible teacher - contact

Caroline Leck & Patrick Crill