This course gives an introduction to the climate of the Earth and what governs it. You will learn about today’s climate, historic climates as well as natural and anthropogenic climate change. This includes the energy balance of the Earth, the large-scale flow patterns of the oceans and the atmosphere, and the water, carbon and sulphur cycles. You will also learn how the climate is observed. International climate cooperation, through e.g. IPCC, is also discussed.

Admittance requirements

Knowledge corresponding to MO3004 Atmospheric radiation and chemistry 9 HECs, MO3003 Thermodynamics of the atmosphere 6 HECs and Dynamical meteorology II 7.5 HECs.


Schedule VT2016

Course literature

  • Hartmann, D. L.: Global physical climatology, International Geophysics Series, Academic Press, 1994
  • Wallace, J. M. & Hobbs, P. V.: Atmospheric Science, An Introductory Survey, 2nd edition, Academic Press, 2006
  • Holton, J. R. and Hakim: An introduction to dynamic meteorology, 5th edition, International Geophysics Series, Academic Press, 2012, 552 pp. Print Book ISBN: 9780123848666, eBook ISBN: 9780123848673
  • Some extra material can be added in the beginning of the course.


The syllabus is a formal document for the course:

Course material

Grading criteria, course literature and other material and correspondence related to the course will be available on the course Mondo-site at or you can ask the responsible lecturer.

Upcoming courses

Starts during the first period of the spring semester.


Via (Swedish) or (English). For more information see Application and admissions.